Collective case study involves more than one case, which may or may not be physically colocated with other cases. a collective case study may be conducted at one site ( e. , a school, hospital, or university) by examining a number of different. stake ( : 435) suggests that case studies are “ one of the most common ways to do qualitative inquiry”. stakeuses three terms to explain 1995 case studies: intrinsic, instrumental, and collective. the case is a particular, complex and functioning thing ( stake, 1995). the case has purposes and it. the art of case study research. thousand oaks, ca: sage publications inc. this instrumental case study examined the perspectives of 43 middle school administrators on effective middle level education to inform the evolution of a teacher education program in central alberta, canada. analysis of data gathered through an.
yin is a more post- positivist case study researcher, and as such offers a more step by step approach to conducting case study research. the the art of case study research is an adequate introduction to robert stake' s approach to case study research, and is a well- respected and seminal text in the field. case study researchers should at least be. and robert stake also differentiates three: the intrinsic case study, instrumental case study and collective case study ( stake, 1995). links/ references: robert e. stake, the art of case study. instrumental case study methodology this study employs an instrumental case study design ( yin, ; stake, 1995; ). this method provides insights about a purposefully selected high school and describes the school through systematic and consistent means. research 1995 using case study methods to study. empirical study utilizing texts as the primary source of data and allows the researcher to understand a wide area in the real life. to be specific, this investigation has applied the instrumental case study design ( stake, 1995).
a lecture on case studies as a research strategy taken from a series on research methods and research design given to masters ( graduate) students by graham r. narrative research and case study 1. narrative research & case study qualitative research methods 2. 1994 summer qualitative seminar in vail, colorado • discussion about qualitative data analysis. • creswell - introducing 1995 one of his recent qualitative studies- a case study of a campus response to a student gun incident. case study designs: typology stakeintrinsic, instrumental, multiple/ collective. case- focused study. instrumental case. theme- based study. multiple/ collective case. can require extensive resources and time.
it has rich theorical framework. focused interview. introduction to research methodology 20 terms. claudialovesmusic. creswell ( ) wrote about three types of case studies: single instrumental, collective or multiple, and intrinsic. drawing on stake ( 1995a), creswell defined a single 1995 instrumental case study as when “ the researcher focuses on an issue or concern, an then selects one bounded case. : case study research. design and methods sage publications, thousand oaks, 4th ed. 240 „ congratulations! you are reading the best edition of case study research to date. an instrumental case study design ( stake, 1995) was used to consider the experiences of pscs in a single school district in a southeastern state.
data sources included interviews with fifteen pscs, observation of psc professional development, and document review of policies and practices guiding pscs in the school district. through examining a single case study, a combination of two innovative methods were used: an instrumental case study approach ( stake, 1995; yin, ) and photovoice ( oliffe et al. the instrumental case study approach, applied here to the suicide of thomas, is built upon the principles of traditional ethnography in that it situates a case. different types of case studies. there are several types of case studies, each differing from each other based on the hypothesis and/ or thesis to be proved. it is also possible for types of case studies to overlap each other. an instrumental case study uses a case to gain insights into a phenomenon. for example, a researcher. another contribution stake explored and emphasized was the initiation of the two different types of case studies: “ for intrinsic case study, case is dominant; the 1995 case is stake 1995 instrumental case study of highest importance. for instrumental case study, issue is dominant; we start and end with issues dominant” ( stake, 1995, p. these two types of case studies help.
more recently, tesol case studies have adopted the more subjective and interpretive stance stake 1995 instrumental case study typical of case studies in education and other fields ( gall, borg, & gall, 1996; johnson, 1992; stake, 1994, 1995), with less emphasis on the acquisition of discrete linguistic elements and more emphasis on such issues as learners' and teachers. 1 in this preface to the special issue on “ doing case study research in organizations” we define case study research, review common themes and discuss future directions. we note the value of personal research stories and reflexivity in enriching understanding of case study research practice and draw attention to the opportunities associated with broadening the definition of what may. in case study methods of organizations, researchers are often limited to the aggregation of individual cases within the context of the organizational case. The write stuff thinking through essays. borrowing from stake' suse of instrumental and intrinsic case studies, this paper presents a fractal geometry case study method. five qualitative approaches to inquiry i n this chapter, we begin our detailed exploration of narrative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and case studies. for each approach, i pose a definition, briefly trace its history, explore types of stud- ies, introduce procedures involved in conducting a study, and indicate poten-.
the case study research design by stake ( 1995,, ), for example,. the purpose is not theory- building but curiosity in the case itself. in an instrumental case study, the case itself is of secondary interest. it plays a supportive role, as it facilitates the understanding of a research issue. the case can be typical of other cases. case study this qualitative investigation was an instrumental case study ( stake, 1995). the case was bounded by one teacher’ s enactment of a unit of ssi- oriented instruction about antibiotic re- sistance in a single section of honors biology ( taught over the course of nine 90- minute class pe- riods) during theschool year. the study aim the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of implementing anp roles on patient, staff and organisational outcomes in an acute hospital setting in england. design a collective case study, comprising interviews with strategic stakeholders, followed by three individual mixed’ method case studies ( stake 1995) was undertaken. stakeand harling ( ) classified case study research into intrinsic, instrumental, and collective case study. the former two are types of single case study. unpublished doctoral dissertation, university of maryland, college park.
72 what is a case study? mitchelldefined a case study as a 1995 “ detailed examination of an event ( or. types of case studies stakedistinguished different types of case studies as follows. unpublished doctoral dissertation, university of. an instrumental case study ( stake, 1995) is used to describe lessons learned from one charter school’ s attempt to implement a comprehensive teacher evaluation system. the study includes in- depth interviews with 2 administrators and 12 teachers. findings vestigation. intrinsic case studies are contrasted with “ instrumental case studies” and “ collective case studies. ” stake ( 1994, 1995) defines the term “ intrinsic case study” as an investigation of the particulars of the object under investigation. the case itself is of primary interest.
stakedifferentiates between an intrinsic case study, in which the researcher is interested in the case per se, and an instrumental case study through which we aim to learn about a broader phenomenon and not just 1995 the specific case. chapter 1 single cases a multicase study project as a whole will have its plan and organization, and so will the study of each individual case. the director or coordinator. useful for case study ( stake, ). we can use the case as an arena or host or fulcrum to bring many functions and relationships together for study. b, denzin and lincoln b, merriam, stake 1995, yin, ). secondly, by building rigour in the qualitative single case study, this article offers a guide and a focus to other researchers, journal editors and article reviewers in the strategic management research realm, in how to. case study as a research strategy, it is essential to find a universal definition of the case study. in consequence of the ambiguity surrounding the case study, it has developed a series of subtypes ( ketokivi & choi, ; levy, ; stake, 1995; yin, ). when constructing a general definition of the case study it. the art of case study research is a significant contribution to research methodology literature and will undoubtedly assume quick popularity as a text.
" - - linda mabry, indiana university, bloomington " a concise and readable primer for doing case study research, the. stakeholder theory is descriptive in that it offers a model of the corporation. stakeholder theory is instrumental in offering a framework for investigating the links between conventional firm performance and the practice of stakeholder management. although stakeholder theory is descriptive and instrumental, it is more fundamentally normative. an instrumental case design is used in this study. stakesuses the term “ instrumental” when a case is used as a means to understand an issue. using stake’ swords, “ the case is of secondary interest; it plays a supportive role, facilitating our understanding of something else” ( p. an instrumental case study was chosen as the study design, as this design enables exploration of issues and testing of established points of view about these issues. it also enables identification of commonalities and differences within the boundaries defining a case. stakedescribed such case studies in this way:. get this from a library!
[ robert e stake] - - this book presents a disciplined, qualitative exploration of case study methods by drawing from naturalistic, holistic, ethnographic, phenomenological and biographic research methods. in defining case studies, stakedistinguishes three types, the intrinsic, the instrumental and the collective. in an intrinsic case study, a researcher examines the case for its own sake. for instance, why does student a, age eight, fail to read when most children at that age can already read? in an instrumental case study, the. instrumental case study is more for the illustration of an idea than for understanding the individual’ s life ( stake, 1995). in this case, the focus of interest is the experience of one mother’ s bereavement and coping after the 1995 death of her first child and loss of a second child. this study is delimited by its focus on only the case of alice. there are different ideas about what a case study is.
if i try to find a common denominator that case study researchers ( yin 1994; merriam 1994; stake 1995, 1998; miles & huberman 1994; gillham ) might agree on, it would be something along the following lines: the case study should have a “ case” which is the object of study. thousand oaks, ca: sage publications. has been cited by the following article: title: intensive case study methodology for the analysis of self- help housing consolidation, household organization and family mobility. as stakesuggests, case study is often a preferred method of research because case studies may be epistemologically in harmony with the reader’ s experience and thus to that person a natural basis for generalization. this essay, however, will focus mostly on the first group, with some references to the second. these individuals best qualify as catholic writers, and yet they are currently the least visible in a literary culture where at present only the third group, the dissidents, has any salience. an identity is not. exploratory essay on immigration. as further waves of immigrants arrived, they were, if not anglo saxon, primarily western european, and christian and mostly willing to learn english, and be absorbed into the american way. even when the irish, italians and polish made their way to the usa, although catholic they were europeans, who fit into. using our writing services, you get an original essay and receive free plagiarism report.
do not waste your money on poor quality and missed deadlines! entrust your essay writing into the hands of exceptionally qualified professional writers! when you buy essay at our site, you buy services that are customized and fully legitimate. the american dream essay outline. thesis: the american dream is based on the argument that every american citizen regardless of where they are born, their color, their religion, their sexual orientation or their political affiliations can become successful in life by taking risks and working hard and not by chance. this literature review sets out key principles to help lecturers reflect on the role and practice of formative assessment. it will include a definition and discussion of its purpose, barriers, good practice principles eas of formative assessment, e- learning 1995 and student diversity into their curricula. formative assessment is the key theme for this literature review. 4 aim of the review the main aim of the review was to produce an information resource for assisting cetl staff in their teaching and research practice.
in this instance the review was. the purpose of this literature review is to uncover how formative assessment can be used to understand student progress and improve instruction in mathematics. the work finds that a lack of policy support contributes to classroom teachers’ unfamiliarity with formative assessment and their varying levels of understanding of the purpose of the. formative assessment: a critical review. Essay on great leader. randy elliot bennett* research and development,. much of the literature on formative assessment conceptualises it as an activity essen-. an investor- ready business plan is a document that has been professionally prepared to meet the needs of both venture capitalists and angel investors. they will want to see specific information in your well- crafted plan that allows them to feel comfortable investing money into your business.
so, you’ ve built your business and are ready to open it up for investors or partners. the problem is, you don’ t know how to write a winning business plan for investors. we’ re here to help. in the book, write your business plan, the staff of entrepreneur media offer an in- depth understanding of what’ s essential to any business plan, what’ s appropriate for your venture and what it. this chapter will teach how to structure your business plan. chapter 7: how to write a business plan executive summary. a business plan executive summary is the most important section of a business plan because it is the first thing an investor sees. this chapter will reveal you the basic necessities and data that must make up your business. how to write a research paper. whether you' re in a history, literature, or science class, you' ll probably have to write a research paper at some point. it may seem daunting when you' re just starting out, but staying organized and budgeting.
the research paper. there will come a time in most students' careers when they are assigned a research paper. such an assignment often creates a great deal of unneeded anxiety in the student, which may result in procrastination and a feeling of confusion and inadequacy. how to order an essay online? to order an essay paper, customers ( after signing up) should place an order by filling in a form. they are usually asked to provide information about the type of work, subject, e- mail, deadline, etc. , and start an account. citing your work is an essential part of any research paper. yet, for some students, it is frustrating and tedious work. there are many interactive web tools designed to assist students when it comes to creating citations. for most stake 1995 instrumental case study of the tools, you simply fill out a form to provide the necessary information and select your preferred style.
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this understanding is then applied to similar dynamic, operational environments. the research also validated the applicability and efficacy of robert stake’ s 1995 descriptive, instrumental, collective case study methodology as a tool for investigating such phenomenon and.
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stake uses and annotates an actual case study to answer such questions as: how is the case selected? how do you select the case which will maximize what can be learned?